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Zipkin JS Investigation

June 10, 2016 #javascript #api #monitoring

To better understand the concepts behind Zipkin, I took a look at Zipkin JS (a Zipkin instrumentation implementation for Node.js), including submitting Pull Request #10 and Issue #11 to that project.

I wrote this (ugly but) simple Node.js Express app that recursively calls itself after decrementing a count value.  I thought this was an easy way to generate a distributed trace tree of arbitrary depth.

const express = require('express');  
const {Tracer, ExplicitContext, ConsoleRecorder} = require('zipkin');  
const zipkinMiddleware = require('zipkin-instrumentation-express').expressMiddleware;  
  
const fetch = require('node-fetch');  
const wrapFetch = require('zipkin-instrumentation-fetch');  
  
const ctxImpl = new ExplicitContext();  
const recorder = new ConsoleRecorder();  
const tracer = new Tracer({ctxImpl, recorder}); // configure your tracer properly here  
  
const app = express();  
app.set('port', process.env.PORT || 3000);  
app.set('servicename', 'helloservice');  
  
// Add the Zipkin middleware  
app.use(zipkinMiddleware({  
  tracer,  
  serviceName: app.get('servicename') // name of this application  
}));  
  
const zipkinFetch = wrapFetch(fetch, {tracer, serviceName: app.get('servicename')});  
  
["log", "warn", "error"].forEach(function(method) {  
    var oldMethod = console[method].bind(console);  
    console[method] = function() {  
        arguments[0] = `${tracer.id} ${arguments[0]}`;  
        oldMethod.apply(  
            console,  
            arguments  
        );  
    };  
});  
  
app.get('/', function (req, res) {  
  var count = req.query.count || 1;  
  console.log(`count = ${count}`);  
  if (count > 1) {  
    var url = 'http://localhost:' + app.get('port') + '/?count=' + (count - 1);  
    console.log(`calling ${url}`);  
    zipkinFetch(url, {})  
      .then(fetchres => fetchres.text())  
      .then(function(result) {  
        res.send(`Hello World! (x${count})\n${result}`);  
      })  
      .catch(ex => console.error(ex));  
  } else {  
    res.send('Hello World!\n');  
  }    
});  
  
app.listen(app.get('port'), function () {  
  console.log('Example app listening on port ' + app.get('port'));  
});  

When I call it like this (explicitly passing in a TraceId and SpanId)

curl -H "X-B3-TraceId: 1234567890abcdef" -H "X-B3-SpanId: 1234567890abcdef" http://localhost:8001/?count=3

I get this result

Hello World! (x3)
Hello World! (x2)
Hello World!

and see this on the Node.js console as a result of my both console.log calls and the configured ConsoleRecorder.

TraceId(spanId=977a88d5c9febc13, parentId=977a88d5c9febc13, traceId=977a88d5c9febc13) Example app listening on port 8001  
Record at (spanId=1234567890abcdef, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ServiceName("myservice1")  
Record at (spanId=1234567890abcdef, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): Rpc("GET")  
Record at (spanId=1234567890abcdef, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): BinaryAnnotation(http.url="http://localhost:8001/%3Fcount=3")  
Record at (spanId=1234567890abcdef, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ServerRecv()  
Record at (spanId=1234567890abcdef, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): LocalAddr(host="InetAddress(10.212.146.110)", port=0)  
TraceId(spanId=1234567890abcdef, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef) count = 3  
TraceId(spanId=1234567890abcdef, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef) calling http://localhost:8001/?count=2  
Record at (spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ServiceName("myservice1")  
Record at (spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): Rpc("GET")  
Record at (spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): BinaryAnnotation(http.url="http://localhost:8001/?count=2")  
Record at (spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ClientSend()  
Record at (spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ServiceName("myservice1")  
Record at (spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): Rpc("GET")  
Record at (spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): BinaryAnnotation(http.url="http://localhost:8001/%3Fcount=2")  
Record at (spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ServerRecv()  
Record at (spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): LocalAddr(host="InetAddress(10.212.146.110)", port=0)  
TraceId(spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef) count = 2  
TraceId(spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef) calling http://localhost:8001/?count=1  
Record at (spanId=9b550ac514a4af5, parentId=94a8246c4c298188, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ServiceName("myservice1")  
Record at (spanId=9b550ac514a4af5, parentId=94a8246c4c298188, traceId=1234567890abcdef): Rpc("GET")  
Record at (spanId=9b550ac514a4af5, parentId=94a8246c4c298188, traceId=1234567890abcdef): BinaryAnnotation(http.url="http://localhost:8001/?count=1")  
Record at (spanId=9b550ac514a4af5, parentId=94a8246c4c298188, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ClientSend()  
Record at (spanId=9b550ac514a4af5, parentId=94a8246c4c298188, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ServiceName("myservice1")  
Record at (spanId=9b550ac514a4af5, parentId=94a8246c4c298188, traceId=1234567890abcdef): Rpc("GET")  
Record at (spanId=9b550ac514a4af5, parentId=94a8246c4c298188, traceId=1234567890abcdef): BinaryAnnotation(http.url="http://localhost:8001/%3Fcount=1")  
Record at (spanId=9b550ac514a4af5, parentId=94a8246c4c298188, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ServerRecv()  
Record at (spanId=9b550ac514a4af5, parentId=94a8246c4c298188, traceId=1234567890abcdef): LocalAddr(host="InetAddress(10.212.146.110)", port=0)  
TraceId(spanId=9b550ac514a4af5, parentId=94a8246c4c298188, traceId=1234567890abcdef) count = 1  
Record at (spanId=9b550ac514a4af5, parentId=94a8246c4c298188, traceId=1234567890abcdef): BinaryAnnotation(http.status_code="200")  
Record at (spanId=9b550ac514a4af5, parentId=94a8246c4c298188, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ServerSend()  
Record at (spanId=9b550ac514a4af5, parentId=94a8246c4c298188, traceId=1234567890abcdef): BinaryAnnotation(http.status_code="200")  
Record at (spanId=9b550ac514a4af5, parentId=94a8246c4c298188, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ClientRecv()  
Record at (spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): BinaryAnnotation(http.status_code="200")  
Record at (spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ServerSend()  
Record at (spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): BinaryAnnotation(http.status_code="200")  
Record at (spanId=94a8246c4c298188, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ClientRecv()  
Record at (spanId=1234567890abcdef, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): BinaryAnnotation(http.status_code="200")  
Record at (spanId=1234567890abcdef, parentId=1234567890abcdef, traceId=1234567890abcdef): ServerSend()  

You can see the consistent TraceId for the request (1234567890abcdef) as well as the 1234567890abcdef -> 94a8246c4c298188 -> 9b550ac514a4af5 lineage.  The ConsoleRecorder emitted the lines starting with “Record at” and I overloaded console methods to add the TraceId information.

Instead of outputting to the console, I wanted to write to a Zipkin UI instance that could take reports over HTTP.  However, zipkin-js does not include a version of the Spring Cloud Slueth HttpZipkinSpanReporter.java or the Zipkin JsonCodec.java I need.


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